GMOs (genetically modified organisms) are plants or animals created when genetic material from one species is spliced with that of a different species. Those DNA molecules may come from bacteria, plants, animals, and viruses. Most GMOs were created so that plants can better withstand the application of herbicides. Some even give plants the ability to produce their own herbicides.
Where Are GMOs Found?
Because they are not yet proven safe, GMOs are restricted or banned in 30 countries—including Australia, Japan, and all the countries in the European Union—but are present in 70 percent of the processed food in the US. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not require the labeling of GMOs in food ingredient lists.
The majority of this country’s soy, canola, corn, and sugar beets are genetically modified. Any products made from these crops, including cooking oils, soy protein, cornstarch, and corn syrup, are GMO.
Are GMOs Safe?
The effects on humans are unknown and no human trials have been conducted. The US government has approved GMOs based on studies done by the same chemical companies that make them.
The best way to avoid GMOs is to choose organic. You can also check out a list of brands and products verified Non-GMO at the Non-GMO Project.